1. By using the DiscoverSys and associated sites you agree to be bound by these terms of use which form a binding contract between you and DiscoverSys Inc., hereafter called DiscoverSys. You also confirm that you understand that these terms must be read and understood in conjunction with our other more specific policies, such as Privacy Policy, Advertising Policy and Editorial Policy.

2. Other sites owned by DiscoverSys Inc., including journals published by DiscoverSys Inc., refer to this website as their source of policies and terms of use (collectively hereafter called “DiscoverSys Journals websites”). Such DiscoverSys Journals websites are therefore all subject to the terms of use of this page of the DiscoverSys Journals website.

3. Certain parts of the DiscoverSys Journals websites may be subject to registration with additional terms of use, which will be made available for you to read at the time of registration.

4. Unless otherwise indicated, the DiscoverSys Journals websites and its contents are the property of DiscoverSys Inc. The copyright in the material contained on the DiscoverSys Journals websites belongs to DiscoverSys Inc. or its licensors. The trademarks appearing on the DiscoverSys Journals websites are protected by the laws of Canada and the international trademark laws. Save as expressly set out herein, no license is granted in respect of any intellectual property rights vested in DiscoverSys Inc. or other third parties.

5. All articles published by DiscoverSys Journals marked ‘open access’ are licensed by the respective authors of such articles for publication by DiscoverSys Inc., and use and distribution by you, subject to the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution license, unless specified otherwise.

6. With the exception of material marked ‘open access’, which may be used in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution license, you may not redistribute any of the content of any DiscoverSys Journals websites or create a database in electronic form or manually by downloading and storing any such content without the prior authorization of DiscoverSys Inc.

7. With the exception of material that is marked ‘open access’, which may be used in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution license, you may link to but not replicate the content on any DiscoverSys Journals websites, provided you do not create a frame or any other bordered environment around the content and provided that any such linking does not imply any endorsement of any product or services, and provided further that the website linking to any DiscoverSys Journals website does not contain any intellectual property right, including without limitation copyright, trademark, design right or patent, infringing, distasteful or offensive material. DiscoverSys Inc. reserves the right to require you to remove any link to any DiscoverSys Journals site.

8. The DiscoverSys Journals websites, with their content, are provided for use ‘as is’. DiscoverSys Inc. makes no representations or warranties with respect to the content of these sites. All warranties, express or implied, including without limitation the implied warranties of merchantability, satisfactory quality and fitness for purpose relating to the sites and/or their content and/or any website linked to be hereby to the fullest extent permitted by law. No representations or warranties are given as to the accuracy or completeness of the information provided on DiscoverSys Journals sites, or any website to which they are linked.

9. In no event shall DiscoverSys Inc. or its employees, agents, suppliers or contractors be liable for any damages of any nature, including without limitation any consequential loss, loss of income or profit, loss of or damage to property, claims of third parties, or any other loss, cost, claim or expense of any kind or character arising out of or in connection with the use of DiscoverSys Journals websites, its content or any website with which they are linked. This exclusion and limitation only applies to the extent permitted by law and does not apply to liability for death or personal injury caused by the negligence of DiscoverSys Inc., its employees, agents, suppliers or contractors..

10. DiscoverSys Inc. reserves the right to change these terms of use by posting changes on this page of the DiscoverSys Journals website. You will be deemed to have accepted such changes if you use the DiscoverSys Journals websites, after DiscoverSys Inc. has published the amended terms of use on this page of the DiscoverSys Journals website.


We believe in the highest ethical standards of publishing.

The purpose of our advertising and sponsorship policy is to clearly separate the editorial and commercial functions. Commercial functions include banner advertising, sponsored content, newsletter advertising and any other paid services that may be offered by any one of DiscoverSys Inc. sites.



DiscoverSys Journals recognizes the value and importance of the peer reviewer in the overall publication process – not only in shaping the individual manuscript, but also in shaping the credibility and reputation of our journals. We are committed to the timely publication of all original, innovative contributions submitted for publication. As such, the identification and selection of reviewers who have expertise and interest in the topics appropriate to each manuscript are essential elements in ensuring a timely, productive peer-review process. If you would like to become a reviewer, please visit the relevant journal website and register as a reviewer.

Please note : Peer reviewers are asked to make every reasonable effort to ensure the following criteria are taken into account for the submitted manuscripts they have agreed to peer review:

· All manuscripts submitted for review will undergo a double-blind review process in order to maintain confidentiality.

· Unbiased consideration should be given to each manuscript, judging each on its merits without regard to the race, religion, nationality, sex, seniority or institutional affiliation of the author.

· Manuscripts should be dealt with and processed according to the timeframes set out by DiscoverSys Journals.

· The quality of the manuscript, its experimental and theoretical work, its interpretations, and its exposition should be judged objectively.

· Potential conflicts of interest must be declared to the journal editor before undertaking any peer review. If any conflicts do exist, the reviewer should decline the review request.

· All of the reviewers’ judgments must be explained and supported. Any statement that an observation, derivation or argument has been previously reported must be accompanied by the relevant citation.

· While the content of a manuscript may justify criticism, even severe criticism, under no circumstances is personal or malicious criticism of the author appropriate or acceptable.

· Reviewers may be asked to re-appraise a manuscript that was referred back to the authors after a first-round review.

· In cases where reviewers provide substantively different ratings, a manuscript will be sent to an arbitrator for a final verdict.

· Reviewers should always respect the confidentiality of the review process and the proprietary rights of those who have submitted manuscripts.

· Reviewers may decline the request to review the work of others if they believe the process may be biased or if they have questions about the authenticity or integrity of the reported research.

If you would like to become a reviewer, please visit the following link (click here) for an instructional video on how to conduct a review online through the OJS software. This will serve as guideline on how to complete your review online. Following the review, the editor will evaluate the review reports and make a final decision. The outcome will be categorized as one of the following:

· Acceptable as is (apart from editorial changes)

· Acceptable, but requires minor revision (to the satisfaction of the editor)

· Requires major revision and reconsideration (Requires re-review)

· Reject, not acceptable for publication in the journal.

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The pictures used in the DiscoverSys website ( are not the property of DiscoverSys Inc. These pictures were taken from either open sources or from publicly available materials. They are not used here with an intention of copy right violation (if any), but promote science and innovation. Please contact, if you need more information on this.